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A Scots-Irish Adventure

Scots-Irish cottage from Ulster.

When the “Scots-Irish” first came to America,  long before the Act of Union of 1801, Ireland was an independent Kingdom with a Parliament in Dublin, & the Scots-Irish simply regarded themselves as Irish.  At the time Ireland consisted of Four Provinces & the Scots-Irish simply regarded themselves as Irish.  I live in Pennsylvania USA, but I am originally from Belfast in the Northern province of Ireland. That province is called Ulster;  it is one of Ireland’s Four Provinces and includes nine of Ireland’s thirty-two counties. In the modern day three of the counties are in the jurisdiction of the Republic of Ireland, while the other six counties operate under British jurisdiction. Ulster is the region where the Scots-Irish came from. The same Scots-Irish that played such an important role in the foundation of the United States of America.

Scots-Irish cottage from Ulster.I’m excited to share an extraordinary journey I embarked upon recently. On this adventure, I followed in the footsteps of the Scots-Irish when they landed in America. It took me down the Shenandoah Valley and led me to an old Irish cottage in Virginia. This encounter sparked a personal exploration into the captivating history and craft of the Irish linen industry, an integral part of the Scots-Irish Presbyterian heritage in the United States.

This cottage’s quaint, timeless nature bore witness to the literal definition of “cottage industry,” where home and work converged into a singular entity.

The cottage’s exterior was as enchanting as it was unassuming. It stood silently, resilient against the passage of time, its age obscured by centuries. As I approached the dwelling, I could almost feel the echo of countless stories encapsulated within its rustic, earthen walls – stories of the Scots-Irish people, their struggles, triumphs, and the traditions they meticulously preserved.

Upon entering, I immediately felt the duality of the space; it was clear this was both a dwelling and a workspace. A modest bed rested in one corner, speaking volumes about the cottage’s past inhabitants; their lives are interwoven with their work. On a table to the left, flax, freshly harvested and full of potential, lay waiting to be spun into linen, a testament to the dynamic nature of the people who once called this place home.


Irish Wool in basket. Natural fibers.One of the most striking features inside the cottage was the presence of baskets brimming with raw materials – freshly sheared wool and unprocessed flax. As I ran my fingers through these natural fibers, I could easily imagine the skilled hands that once worked tirelessly, transforming these raw materials into practical, valuable threads.


The soul of the cottage, undoubtedly, was the spinning wheel. This simple yet vital instrument stood ready to accept the combed wool or flax, its quiet presence a poignant reminder of the countless hours of dedication and skill required to spin these fibers into beautiful threads. This artistry passed down through generations, is a tangible link between the past and present.


I was struck by the vivid hues of dyed wool and linen yarn hanging in the cottage. It was a vibrant testament to the traditional craft, showing how the inhabitants skillfully extracted a spectrum of colors from these humble, natural fibers, transforming them into a myriad of textiles that brought life and beauty into their everyday existence.

The culmination of this painstaking process was evident in three simple yet elegantly crafted linen shirts. Their mere presence illustrated the countless hours of work that went into each garment, from the careful cultivation of flax to the delicate spinning of threads and the crafting of clothing.

The cottage is not just a tribute to the skill of the Scots-Irish Presbyterians in linen-making. It also reminds us of their emigration to the American colonies between 1718 and 1770. Adapting to their new homeland, they applied their skills to the more abundant crop – cotton.

Today, linen – a natural and breathable fabric – continues to be a popular choice for summer clothing. Its versatility has allowed it to evolve from traditional grandfather shirts to modern accessories like golfing flat caps, stylish linen ties, and pocket squares.

For those who wish to own a piece of this rich heritage, you can find these high-quality products at the links below:

Hopefully, my journey through time and history has given you a deeper appreciation of the Ulster region’s rich linen heritage. It’s a testament to a people’s enduring spirit, a legacy that resonates today

1 thought on “A Scots-Irish Adventure

  1. I’m a textile designer myself, and my ancestors were from Ireland, so I very much appreciate this beautifully written article. I would love to visit this cottage. Thank you!

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